Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common hormonal disorder that affects women of reproductive age. It is characterized by the presence of multiple small cysts on the ovaries, as well as an imbalance of hormones including androgens, which are typically found in higher levels in men. This can cause a variety of symptoms, including irregular periods, abnormal hair growth, acne, and weight gain.
One of the main causes of PCOS is thought to be an imbalance in the levels of hormones such as insulin and luteinizing hormone (LH), which can lead to an overproduction of androgens. This can result in the formation of cysts on the ovaries, as well as other symptoms such as irregular periods, abnormal hair growth, acne, and weight gain.
Treatment for PCOS typically involves a combination of lifestyle changes, such as maintaining a healthy diet and regular exercise, and medication to regulate hormones and ovulation. It’s important to consult a healthcare professional for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan. The goal is to manage the symptoms and prevent the long-term health complications such as diabetes, heart disease and endometrial cancer.